Melaka, a quiet seaside city has impressed visitors as the place where the history of Malaysia began. Founded around 15th Century, Melaka is rich in history and many relics of the past. Dubbed as The Historical State, Melaka is the third smallest Malaysian state, after Perlis and Penang. It is located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, on the Straits of Melaka. It borders Negeri Sembilan to the north and the state of Johor to the south. The state’s capital is Melaka Town. Located about 150 kilometres to the south of Kuala Lumpur and 245 km north of Singapore, Melaka seems to be strategically linked between two national capitals (Malaysia and Singapore respectively).
Tourism is the most important sector in the state economy. Melaka has adopted as its slogan, “Visiting Melaka Means Visiting Malaysia” (“Melawat Melaka Bererti Melawat Malaysia”). It is rich in cultural heritage and bears several places of historical interest.
Apart from tourism, Melaka is also a manufacturing centre for products ranging from food and consumer products, through high-tech electronics and automotive components.There are at least 23 industrial estates that houses some 500 factories from the United States, Germany, Japan, Taiwan and Singapore.
The Portuguese and Chinese influences are visible in the city’s structure and society such as the microculture of the Baba-Nyonya in Melaka.